Pigmentation simply means colouring on face, hands, neck etc. Skin pigmentation problems affect the colour of your skin. The colour of skin depends on a substance called Melanin, which becomes affected when the skin is unhealthy or becomes damaged.
Pigmentation is usually seen in the form of patches while the whole body gets affected in rare cases. The darker the skin more is the melanin pigment present in your skin.
Pigmentation also occurs as a result of pregnancy, stress, hormonal imbalance, and sun damage, heredity factors etc. Tejas employs pigment reducer peels where all forms of patchy pigmentation reduce. Peel Treatments are then combined with advanced laser technology for a long term cure for pigmentation problems.
Based on the intensity of pigmentation, it can be classified as
People with fair complexions have less melanin in their skin. Melanin is a pigment produced by certain skin cells which protects the skin from sun damage by reflecting and absorbing ultraviolet (UV) rays. For people having less melanin in their skin when exposed to the sun, instead of getting a suntan, they sometimes get freckles.
Melasma is a form of dark skin discoloration that appears on the areas of face exposed to sun. Melasma doesn’t lead to any other symptoms besides skin discoloration but is of great cosmetic concern.
Melasma is linked with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone, common in pregnant women, women taking oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) during menopause.
Hyper pigmentation in skin is caused by an increase in the production of melanin and is caused during pregnancy, hormonal imbalance, exposure to sun etc.
Hypo pigmentation refers to the loss of natural skin colour due to decrease in the production of melanin and appears in the form of white patches.